Story 1 – ISRO to conduct seven mega missions in next 10 years
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) recently announced for its upcoming mission over next 10 years. Apart from much awaited and ambitious Chadrayaan-2 some other mega missions will be conducted.
Among these seven mega missions ISRO has defined XPoSat and Aditya-L1 missions only. India’s second moon mission, Chandrayaan-2, will be flight ready by May end. ISRO has recently declared that the spacecraft will be launched in July 2019.
• Apart from XPoSat and Aditya-L1 missions, other four undefined missions are Mangalyaan-2, Venus mission, Lunar Polar Exploration and Exoworlds.
• The XPoSat, or the X-ray Polarimeter Satellite, is a dedicated mission to study polarisation which is scheduled for launch next year.
• Xposat to study cosmic radiation in 2020, Aditya L1 to the Sun in 2021, Mars Orbiter Mission-2 in 2022, Lunar Polar Exploration or Chandrayaan-3 in 2024 and Exoworlds, an exploration outside the solar system in 2028.
About XPoSat and Aditya-L1
Xposat payload was developed by Raman Research Institute. “The spacecraft will carry Polarimeter Instrument in X-rays (POLIX) payload which will study the degree and angle of polarisation of bright X-ray sources in the energy range 5-30 keV. The satellite has a mission life of five years.
Aditya L1, the Sun mission, may play a key role in understanding and predicting climate change on Earth. The payloads will study the solar corona. The launch may happen by mid-2020 and will be placed in ‘libration orbit’, which is about 1.5 million km from Earth.
• Xposat will be a five-year mission, carrying a polarimeter instrument made by Raman Research Institute to measure cosmic radiation. The spacecraft will be placed in a circular 500-700km orbit.
• Indian mission would land in South polar region on Moon, which is an unexplored place till date.
• Chandrayaan-2 will carry 13 Indian payloads and one passive experiment from NASA.
• Chandrayaan-2 costs about `800-crore. It’d orbit around the moon and perform the objectives of remote-sensing the moon.
ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC)
U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), Bengaluru, formerly known as ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) is the lead centre for building satellites and developing associated satellite technologies. . These spacecraft are used for providing applications to various users in the area of Communication, Navigation, Meteorology, Remote Sensing, Space Science and interplanetary explorations. The Centre is also pursuing advanced technologies for future missions.
Story 2 – Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise – SIMBEX-2019
After completion of naval exercise IMDEX-19, Indian Naval ships INS Kolkata and INS Shakti would participate in annual bilateral naval exercise between India and Singapore – SIMBEX-2019. This naval exercise is scheduled from May 16 to May 22, 2019.
Military Participation: Along with INS Kolkata and INS Shakti, Indian long range maritime patrol aircraft Poseidon-8I (P8I) will also participate in SIMBEX-19. On the other side of Singapore, RSN ships Steadfast and Valiant, maritime patrol aircraft Fokker-50 (F-50) and F-16 fighter aircraft will participate.
Objective: It is aimed to extend the bridges of friendship through cultural, economic and maritime interactions with countries of east and south-east Asia. SIMBEX-19 will also relieve two month long deployment of INS Kolkata and INS Shakti in South and East China Seas.
SIMBEX-2019 Programme: SIMBEX-19 will start with various warfare games/trainings, conferences, courtesy calls to dignitaries of RSN navy, sporting events and deck reception onboard INS Kolkata. Sea exercise will be conducted in the South China Sea from May 19 to May 22, 2019. It will include maritime combat exercises like firing on aerial/ surface targets, advanced aerial tracking, coordinated targeting exercises and tactical exercises on surface/ air scenarios.
SIMBEX was started from year 1993; it has grown in tactical and operational complexity. Over the time it has grown from traditional anti-submarine exercises to more complex maritime exercises such as advanced air defence operations, anti air/ surface practice firings, tactical exercises, etc. Over the years SIMBEX has stood the test of time in demonstrating the nation’s commitment to enhance maritime cooperation between the two navies and bolster bonds of friendship between the two countries.