United Nations latest report revealed that India is the leading country of origin of international migrants in 2019 with a 17.5 million-strong diaspora. The report said that the number of migrants globally reached an estimated 272 million.
The Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs released the International Migrant Stock 2019. A data of several international migrants by origin, age and sex for all countries and areas are included in the report. UN prepared this report with the help of population censuses, population registers and nationally representative surveys.
India Specific highlights
• India was the leading country of origin of international migrants with 17.5 million people.
• As per the report, top 10 countries are responsible of one-third of all international migrants.
• The International Migrant Stock 2019 informed that India hosted 5.1 million international migrants in 2019 which is less than 5.2 million in 2015.
• However, report suggested that India holds its place constantly at 0.4% from 2010 to 2019.
• Most of the international migrants came from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal.
• After India, Migrants from Mexico makes the second largest diaspora (11.8 million), followed by China (10.7 million), Russia (10.5 million), Syria (8.2 million), Bangladesh (7.8 million), Pakistan (6.3 million), Ukraine (5.9 million), the Philippines (5.4 million) and Afghanistan (5.1 million).
• In Europe, 82 million migrants were settled there, followed by North America (59 million) and North Africa and Western Asia (49 million).
• Report said that USA is hosting the largest number of international migrants (51 million) while Saudi Arabia (13 million), Russia (12 million), England (10 million), France (8 million) and Italy (6 million) are also holding the large numbers of migrants.
The International Migrant Stock 2019 report said that the share of women and girls migrants fell slightly from 49% to 48% in the year 2019. Northern America had the highest (52%) number of women migrants. However, Europe (51%), Sub-Saharan Africa (47 %) and Northern Africa and Western Asia (36 %) also experienced the issue of women migrants.